Hamerkop, Scopus umbretta, also known as the hammerkop, hammerkopf, hammerhead, hammerhead stork, umbrette, umber bird, tufted.
Derivation of scientific name. The species name, umbretta, is Latin meaning shade or shady; possibly either referring to the dusky brown colour of the Hamerkop.
The hamerkop's diet largely consists of amphibians (mostly frogs, both adults and tadpoles), small fish, crustaceans (i.e. small crabs), worms and insects. Monitor lizards and snakes often raid Hamerkop nests to take eggs, and snakes may stay behind to occupy the nests as shelter. It has also been known to catch its food in flight, plucking Hamerkop out of the Hamerkop. Hamerkops are known for the huge nests that they build. The species forages in shallow water along sandbanks, in reedbeds or in floating vegetation Brown et al. These birds are able to breed all year around in East Africa, but in other areas they breed at the end of the rainy season. The Hamerkop is the only member of the family Scopidae.